Note 3 – Significant accounting judgements, estimates and assumptions

The preparation of the Group’s consolidated financial statements requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities, and the accompanying disclosures, and the disclosure of contingent liabilities. Uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in outcomes that require a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities affected in future periods. The areas where judgements, assumptions and estimates are most significant to the Group and which may affect the financial statements if changed are described below:

Impairment testing of goodwill

In calculating the recoverable amount of cash-generating units for assessing any goodwill impairment, a number of assumptions about future conditions and estimates of parameters have been made. A presentation of these can be found in Note 20. As is apparent in the description in note 20 changes beyond what can reasonably be expected during 2016 of the conditions for these estimations and assessments could have a significant effect on goodwill. This risk is however very low since the recoverable values are for the most part higher than the reported values in those cases where goodwill values are substantial.

Provisions for defined benefit pension

The provision for defined benefit pension plans is dependent on the actuarial assumptions, which include discount rates, changes in health care costs, inflation, salary increases, retirement rates, mortality rates and other factors. The discount rate assumptions are based on the long-term return on high quality corporate bonds and if they are not available government bonds at year-end. Assumptions about changes in health care costs are based on historical data, future prospects and assessed long-term trends. The assumptions of inflation are based on external market indicators. The assumptions about wage growth reflect the long-term actual experience, outlook and assumed inflation. Pension levels and mortality is mainly based on official statistics. Please refer to Note 33 for details of the assumptions used in the actuarial calculations of the defined benefit pension plans.

Valuation of loss carry-forwards

Every year, the Group assesses whether there is any impairment of deferred tax assets regarding loss carry-forwards for tax purposes. In making the assessment, consideration is also given to applicable tax legislation, for example regarding transfer pricing rules, as well as known future changes to legislation. In addition, the Group assesses the possibility to capitalize new deferred tax assets with respect to the year’s loss carry-forwards for tax purposes, where appropriate. Deferred tax assets are reported only in those cases where it is likely that, in the future, from a tax perspective there will be surpluses against which the temporary difference may be utilized.

Reported values for deferred tax assets for each balance sheet date are set forth in Note 15 ” Income taxes”. As stated in Note 15, non-appraised loss carry-forwards as per December 31, 2015 amounts to approximately 70 000 TEUR.